Video Abstract (AI generated) (01:21)PaperPreprint
We characterized the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal in humans and macaque monkeys by comparing the response in visual cortex to a single checkerboard or two checkerboards, spaced 1.5, 3.0, or 4.5 s apart. We found that the magnitude and shape of the BOLD response to a single checkerboard was similar in the two species. In addition, we found that the BOLD responses summed similarly, and that at an inter-stimulus interval (ISI) of 4.5 sec BOLD summation was nearly linear in both species. When comparing the ratio of the amplitude of the response to the second checkerboard at the 4.5 sec ISI with that of the single checkerboard between subjects in both species, the results from both monkey subjects fell within one standard deviation of the mean human results (human mean (n=12): .95 +/- .31 second/single response amplitude; monkey 1: 1.16; monkey 2: .86). At the shorter ISIs, both species demonstrated increased suppression of the BOLD response to the second checkerboard. These findings indicate that the magnitude of the BOLD response to events separated by 4.5 seconds can be accurately measured in and compared between human and monkey visual cortex.